In 2018, California experienced 12 states of emergencies. Wildfires have caused the majority of the devastation, not only by destroying buildings and land but also by making the burned areas susceptible to mudslides after heavy storms.


A storm dropped more than a half-inch of rainfall in five minutes, according to NBC News Los Angeles. Occurring just weeks after the Thomas Fire burned nearly 282,000 acres in Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, the lack of vegetation caused the rain to run off rather than being absorbed into the ground. This triggered flooding and deadly mudslides in the California town of Montecito.


As a result of the mudslides that day, 21 people died and over 150 people were injured. In October, The Los Angeles Times reported that there are still two victims whose remains have yet be recovered: 2-year-old Lydia Sutthithepa and 17-year-old Jack Cantin. A team of volunteers known as the Santa Barbara Bucket Brigade has been searching debris piles in the hopes of recovering the remains.


On March 16, President Trump approved a major disaster declaration for California.


Lack of vegetation after 2017 fires led to deadly mudslides during a rainstorm in the town of Montecito.

March 20

Just a few months after the deadly Santa Barbara County mudslides, an "atmospheric river event" swept through several California counties, prompting evacuation orders for more than 30,000 people, according to the Associated Press.

On April 19, Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency for Amador, Fresno, Kern, Mariposa, Merced, Stanislaus, Tulare, and Tuolumne counties, saying that an "atmospheric river event caused dangerous flash flooding, erosion, and substantial mud and debris flows" as well as "power outages, damage to roads, downed trees, and power lines, flooding, erosion, and interruptions to San Francisco county’s water supply."

A major rainstorm prompted a governor-proclaimed disaster in several counties.



A vegetation fire started on Pawnee Road and New Long Valley Road, northeast of Clearlake Oaks in Lake County. The wildfire burned for 16 days before it was officially 100% contained on July 9. According to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, the Pawnee Fire burned 15,185 acres and destroyed 22 structures.

Governor Brown declared a state of emergency in Lake County on June 25. The cause of the fire is unknown.

The Pawnee Fire burned over 15,000 acres in Lake County.


A vegetation fire began in the Alpine community of San Diego County. It took firefighters five days to fully contain the fire, known as the West Fire. It burned 504 acres and destroyed 56 structures, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

Governor Brown proclaimed a state of emergency for San Diego County on July 6, granting "a Fire Management Assistant Grant to assist with the mitigation, management, and control of the West Fire."


San Diego County's West Fire destroyed 56 structures in just five days.


A different fire started in the City of Goleta in Santa Barbara County. According to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, firefighters fully contained the fire on July 11 after it burned 113 acres.

KEYT News Channel 3 reported that the Holiday Fire destroyed 10 single-family homes and 14 other non-residence buildings, estimating the cost to fight the fire at $1.5 million dollars.

Governor Brown delivered a proclamation declaring a state of emergency for Santa Barbara County on July 7, noting that the Holiday Fire "caused power outages, forced the closure of roadways, and continues to threaten critical infrastructure."


The cost to fight the Holiday Fire was estimated at $1.5 million.

July 7

Monsoonal rainstorms in San Bernardino County caused "significant damage to roads," prompting Governor Brown to declare a state of emergency on July 24.

The declaration explained that "the circumstances of this storm, by reason of its magnitude, are or are likely to be beyond the control of the services, personnel, equipment, and facilities of any single local government and require the combined forces of a mutual aid region or regions to combat."

Monsoonal rain storms prompted a state of emergency in San Bernardino County.



The Mendocino Fire Complex was composed of the Ranch and River Fires in Colusa, Glenn, Lake, and Mendocino Counties. The Sacramento Bee reported that the two fires combined burned 459,123 acres, destroyed 280 structures, and killed one firefighter.

Governor Brown declared a state of emergency in Lake, Mendocino and Napa counties on July 28 due to the Mendocino Fire Complex and the Steele Fire.


A complex of two fires became the biggest wildfire in California history up until that point.


A wildfire began at Pulga Road at Camp Creek Road near Jarbo Gap in Butte County, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

It was 100% contained on November 25, after burning over 153,000 acres, destroying nearly 14,000 homes and more than 4,800 other buildings, and killing about 85 people. There are still almost a dozen people who are unaccounted for. CNN called the Camp Fire "the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California history."

Acting Governor Gavin Newsom declared a State of Emergency in Butte County on November 8. The cause of the fire is still under investigation.

The Camp Fire was "the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California history."



The Woolsey Fire began just hours after the Camp Fire. The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection noted that the Woolsey Fire burned 96,949 acres, destroyed 1,500 structures, and caused three fatalities before it was fully contained on November 22.

The next day, acting Governor Gavin Newsom declared a State of Emergency in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties. Officials are still investigating the cause of the Woolsey Fire.


The Woolsey Fire burned nearly 97,000 acres in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties.



In 2018, there were several other California fires that were determined to have non-natural causes.



The Ferguson Fire, which started on July 13, burned 96,901 acres in Mariposa County. Fire investigators determined that it was believed to be caused by a vehicle's hot catalytic converter parked in dry grass, according to NBC News.


The Klamathon Fire, which started on July 23, killed one man, burned 38,008 acres and destroyed 82 structures in Siskiyou County. After an investigation, authorities arrested 32-year-old John Colin Eagle Skoda on multiple charges including arson and involuntary manslaughter. Investigators believe he caused the Klamathon Fire by recklessly burning debris, according to KDRV NewsWatch12.


The Carr Fire was also started on July 23. It burned 229,651 acres, destroyed 1,079 residences, 22 commercial structures, 503 outbuildings, and caused three firefighter fatalities in the Shasta and Trinity Counties. Investigators determined that the blaze was caused by sparks after a flat tire's rim scraped the asphalt, according to CNN.


The Cranston Fire, which started on July 25, burned 13,139 acres. Brandon N. McGlover of Temecula was charged with 15 felony counts for starting nine fires on July 25, including the one that became the Cranston Fire, according to the Los Angeles Times.

The Steele Fire, which started on July 28, burned 135 acres and destroyed eight structures in Napa County. Investigators determined that equipment use was the cause of the fire, according to SF Gate.

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